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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 52-55

Epidemiology of acute kidney injury in critically ill children living in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Department of Pediatrics, Paediatric Nephrology Center of Excellence, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
prof Jameela Abdulaziz Kari
Department of Pediatrics, Paediatric Nephrology Center of Excellence, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, P. O. Box 80215, Jeddah 21589
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/AJPN.AJPN_37_18

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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is very common in children admitted to pediatric intensive care and affected children are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The epidemiologic characteristics of children with AKI have not been well described in children living in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This review of the epidemiology of AKI in critically ill children in KSA shows that AKI is common in this population and is chiefly attributed to sepsis, other infections and postcardiac surgery. The occurrence of AKI is linked to increased mortality and length of hospital stay. The severity of AKI correlates with increased inhospital mortality as well as risk of mortality after discharge. A considerable proportion of survivors develop evidence of chronic kidney disease. Cystatin C and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin are useful in enabling early diagnosis of AKI in critically ill children.


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