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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-35

Outcomes of pediatric renal transplantation at a single center

1 Resident in Nephrology, Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad, Gujarat, India
2 Consultant Nephrologist, Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Mital Parikh
A/5 Vrundavan Park Society, VIP Road, Karelibaug, Vadodara - 390 018, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AJPN.AJPN_1_19

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Introduction: Renal transplantation is the preferred treatment option for children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). There is scant information on comparative outcomes of pediatric renal transplantation in centers in developing regions. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed outcomes of renal transplantation in pediatric recipients of renal transplantation at a single center between 2001 and 2018. Information of underlying etiology of ESRD, pretransplant renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality, donor type, immunosuppression regimen, surgical complications, rates of rejection, compliance to immunosuppression, graft survival, and overall patient survival is presented. Results: Of 100 patients (77 boys) who received transplantation at the mean age of 15.7 ± 2.3 (5–18) years, chief underlying etiology of ESRD was chronic glomerulonephritis (n = 19), chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis (n = 31), and Alport syndrome (n = 1). Modality of RRT was predominantly hemodialysis (n = 90) or peritoneal dialysis (n = 6). Allograft survival was 98%, 85%, 80%, and 73% at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years, respectively. No deaths were observed. Conclusions: Pediatric renal transplantation at a single center in India was associated with satisfactory short-term patient and allograft outcomes. Rates of allograft survival at 10-year follow-up were lower as compared to other unicentric reports from the region.

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