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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 2-15

Nutritional challenges across the spectrum of chronic kidney disease

Division of Nephrology, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, USA

Correspondence Address:
Asha Moudgil
1.5.100 West Wing, Division of Nephrology, Children's National Health System, 111 Michigan Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20010
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AJPN.AJPN_2_19

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Maintenance of optimal nutrition plays a key role in the management of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) across different stages of CKD, during dialysis and following transplantation. Malnutrition, both under- and over-nutrition, is widely prevalent and negatively impacts short- and long-term outcomes. It leads to growth retardation, increased risk of hospitalization and infections, poor cognition, and decreased quality of life. Understanding of the pathogenesis of malnutrition is crucial for its proper management. This review discusses the definition, prevalence, pathogenesis, and management of malnutrition in different stages of CKD.

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